Diazepam work comes under the umbrella of the medicines called benzodiazepines. Its association as a drug along with sale and purchase comes under the brand name Valium. Diazepam is a controlled drug and a prescription-only medicine to be used by those people who suffer from seizures, anxiety, muscle spasms, etc. It is also efficacious in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal. It is also classified as an antianxiety agent and anticonvulsant. Doctors can prescribe this as a pre-med before certain operations or surgeries like dental treatments to help a person relax. It is also prescribed to those who have issues with sleeping and hence can be used in place of strong sleeping pills. Diazepam comes in different forms which includes tablets, injection and in a yellow liquid. Diazepam is used as an add-on treatment to treat skeletal muscle issues and seizures.
Working of Diazepam
This medicine works by improving the effect of GABA chemicals in the brain. GABA or gamma-aminobutyric acid is the chemical that is responsible for producing a calming effect. In other words, by using Diazepam one can calm his brain and nerves. As Diazepam work cause drowsiness, people can use it in place of other over-the-counter sleeping pills like melatonin, doxylamine, Aleve, etc.
Side Effects In Relation To The Use Of Diazepam
There are a number of side effects that can result from the use of Diazepam. These include:
- Its use can interfere with judgment.
- This can also slow the activity of brain.
- It can cause drowsiness.
- It can cause constipation.
- This can result in muscle weakness.
- It can either cause excessive saliva in the mouth or can lead to dry mouth.
- Diazepam can also lead to ataxia.
- It can cause headaches.
- One of the serious side effects of Diazepam is worsening seizure where they tend to increase in severity and frequency.
- It can interfere with proper functioning of brain and can cause blurred vision, vertigo, memory loss, confusion etc.
- It can also lead to yellowing of eyes.
Who Cannot Take Diazepam?
There are certain limitations when it comes to consuming Diazepam which means Diazepam 10 mg cannot be consumed by everyone. Your doctor or primary care physician will make the decision of prescribing this drug. Moreover, those who cannot take this medicine are as follows:
- People who have a surgery which requires use of anesthesia.
- Those who have low albumin or protein levels in the body.
- Women who are trying to conceive or get pregnant.
- Those women who are pregnant.
- Those women who are breastfeeding.
- People who are over 65 years of age.
- The poeple who suffer from arteriosclerosis.
- Those who suffer from kidney diseases.
- Who suffer from liver diseases.
- Those who had problems with alcohol in the past or have ongoing issues.
- Those people who suffer from muscles weakness.
- Those who suffer from sleep apnea.
- Those people who suffer from depression.
- Those who have suicidal thoughts.
- People diagnosed with personality issues.
Dose Of Diazepam
The primary care physician decides the dose of Diazepam depending on different factors which include age, the form of Diazepam i.e. tablets or injections, the severity of the condition, type of condition, and any other medical condition which the patient is suffering from. Typical dosing starts with a low dose of Diazepam which can be later adjusted by the doctor. Oral Diazepam is available under strengths of 2 mg, 5 mg. Also, Diazepam 10 mg tablets are easily available in the market.
Dose Of Diazepam For Different Medical Conditions
People tend to buy Diazepam 10 mg to cure different medical conditions or issues including controlling seizures, treating anxiety, muscle spasms, etc. The dose of Diazepam is different depending on the type of medical condition to be cured. For example, in case of anxiety the dose which can be taken by adults is 2 mg a day which can be increased to 10 mg and needs to be taken up to 2 to 4 times in a day.
Whereas in case of acute alcohol withdrawal the dose of Diazepam is 10 mg and it suggests to take it three to four times in the first 24 hours. The dose can reduce later on to 5 mg depending on the withdrawal symptoms. The dose of Diazepam in case of treating muscle spasms is between 2 mg to 10 mg which needs to take three to four times a day.
Warnings Issued By FDA Regarding The Use Of Diazepam
- As this medicine can lead to addiction and misuse, Diazepam cannot be used by those who suffer from drug abuse.
- It is dangerous to use Diazepam with opioid drugs like tramadol and hydrocodone as such a combination can lead to serious side effects which include coma, drowsiness and death as well.
- It can also lead to withdrawal and dependence which can be life threatening as well.
- Do not take Diazepam with alcohol as this drug alone can cause sedation and slow down the activity of brain.
Precautions To Take While On Diazepam
- Do not operate any machinery or drive any vehicle soon after taking Diazepam as it can cause drowsiness.
- It is recommende to refrain from performing any activity which requires a person to be alert and attentive.
- If this medicine is use along with other seizure medicines, it is recommende to take those other seizure medicines in high doses as by stopping Diazepam a person can suffer from more seizures temporarily.
- As Diazepam can cause allergic reactions which include symptoms of hives, throat swelling etc. it is suggeste to avoid this drug if the patient suffers from any allergies.
- Those who are on antipsychotics should consult the doctor first before taking Diazepam.
- Those who are taking antidepressants should let the doctor know about this before taking this medicine.
- Those people who are taking antifungal medicines like fluconazole should tell their doctor before taking Diazepam.
- Moreover people who are on medicines or drugs like rifampicin, disulfiram, baclofen, isoniazid, promethazine etc. should let their doctor know first before taking Diazepam.